Scientific name:

Rusa unicolor

 

What makes it special:
The antlers are regulated by testosterone levels, causing new growth to appear after shedding their antlers in April or May. The bucks are much larger when compared to the does and can still be identified by size, even after shedding their antlers. 

 

Recommended caliber:

We recommend using a caliber above .270 in diameter.

Sambar hunting in the wild – The elusive swimmer

The sambar deer is a large mammal and the third largest deer species after the moose and elk. Unlike most deer, they are exceptionally good swimmers, preferring to stay in water for as long as they can. Only the bucks have antlers, making it very easy to differentiate between the two sexes.

 

Hunting method

Being viewed as a nuisance and pest in most countries, hunters have a good opportunity to hunt without any bag limit in most places. As the deer has a great sense of smell, the hunter should avoid the use of colognes. The typical way of hunting this deer is by using the spot and stalk method, as it is an overly attentive creature, stealth and camouflage is recommended as well. The estrus period lasts for almost eighteen days and hunters can take advantage of this time frame by using an estrous soaked rug to lure the bucks. As with many other deer species, the sambar deer is extremely fast and if spooked, it can disappear within a few minutes. Try a guided Sambar hunting with Uniquehunting.com.

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Know the animal

Appearance

The most common coloration of the sambar deer is dark grey, as with most deer species, the sambar deer takes on a lighter coloration in the winter and a darker coloration in the summer. A prominent chestnut mark is seen on its rump and the bucks have rugged antlers that extend into different branches. Both sexes have a small but dense mane that gets quite prominent with age, it has a black coloration and it is more visible in the bucks than in the does. Older bucks and pregnant females have a distinctive hairless red spot on their lower throat area. They have a long elongated face and sharp pointy ears. When born, the sambar deer has black spots which they lose after a few weeks and then take on a brown appearance that gets darker with age.

 

Habitat

The deer prefers to stay in habitats that provide dense cover and are found in tropical regions and mixed forests.

 

Diet

It is largely dependent on a water source and its diet compromises of foliage vegetation, grass, fruit and aquatic plants.

 

Predators
Depending on the habitat, predators of the sambar deer include tigers, lions, crocodiles, leopards and dholes.

 

Life cycle

The does reach sexual maturity at the age of two and their gestation period is around eight months, after which a single fawn is born. The bucks reach sexual maturity after two and a half years, but copulation is delayed due to existing dominant males. A sambar deer can reach a maximum age of 30 years, but will usually have a lifespan of around 12 years, this is due to predators, the environment and hunting of the species.

 

Behavior

Groupings formed by bucks are rarely seen as they prefer solitary lives, however does form small herds ranging from 8-16 individuals, both sexes are nocturnal in nature. Though not usually vocal, the sambar produces high pitched sounds when sensing danger to alert other deer. Communication is done through scent and foot stamping, in the rut season a buck will rub muddy urinated soil on its antlers and then transfer it to the bark on trees. This is done to warn other bucks to keep away from its territory and as a means of attracting females it urinates on itself. Though territorial the sambar do not form harems, instead bonds are established before the mating season through courtship. To protect themselves from predators, the bucks use their antlers to fight and the does fight with their hind legs.

                                                                               

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Animal Facts

Weight
They weigh between 100-500 kilograms

 

Shoulder height

They have a shoulder height between 100-160 centimeters

 

Habitat

Tropical regions and mixed forests.

 

Diet

Its diet compromises of foliage vegetation, grass, fruits and aquatic plants.

 

Predators

Depending on the habitat, predators of the sambar deer include tigers, lions, crocodiles, leopards and dholes.

 

Life cycle

A sambar deer can reach a maximum age of 30 years, but will usually have a lifespan of around 12 years, this is due to predators, the environment and hunting of the species.

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You can hunt this animal in these countries: