Scientific name:

Potamochoerus larvatus 

 

What makes it special:

The coloring of an adult bush pig is reddish brown and as it ages the skin takes on dark brown shading, almost becoming black.

 

Recommended caliber:

The recommended caliber is a 270 mag that can penetrate its skin

Bush Pig hunt as plains game

The bush pig as the name suggests is closely related to the domestic pig. They are highly intelligent animals with the ability to adapt themselves to various conditions of environment and predators. Just as with other members of the swine family, the bush pig can be extremely aggressive. Although there is no distinctive sexual dimorphism seen in the bush pig, the males are larger than the females.

Hunting method

As the bush pig is nocturnal, it avoids the scorching sun and is mostly active during nighttime, which is therefore also the best time to bush pig hunting. As they move in groups, singling one out can be difficult. When taking the shot, make sure that it is lethal, because a wounded bush pig can be dangerous. A Wounded bush pig means a more dangerous animal and an extremely aggressive group that will attack the hunter if they get the chance. As they have relatively poor eyesight, being able to move around without hindrance is possible, but they have superb hearing and smell abilities. Because of this it important for a hunter to avoid scented material and be quiet as well as sneaky when walking and stalking. The great thing about hunting bush pigs is that they make grunting noises when foraging and they can be traced by listening for the noise.

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Appearance

The most distinctive feature of the bush pig is the blunt thin snout. It has pointy ears that take on different shadings depending on the region, mostly reddish brown on the outside and black on the inside. The overall color goes from reddish brown to dark brown. It has a light colored mane with bristles like protrusions. Though conspicuous the bush pig has sharp tusks. When born, the young bush pig is usually yellow with brown stripes.

 

Habitat

The bush pig prefers living in dense thicket surroundings, however they can be found in woodlands, grasslands, swamps and scrublands. 

 

Diet

The bush pig is adapted to eating various kinds of food and it’s omnivorous in nature. Its diet can consist of roots, crops, young lambs and insect larvae’s.

 

Predators
it has numerous predators, including lions, leopards, hyenas and caracals.

 

Life cycle

The gestation period of the bush pig is roughly four months, after which a litter of 3-4 is born. The piglets are weaned at the age of four months. The females reach sexual maturity after one and a half years, while the males take roughly two years before reaching sexual maturity. The lifespan of a bush pig in the wild is 15 years, however in captivity it can live for up to 20 years.

 

Behavior

The bush pigs are very social animals and they live in groupings of around 12 individuals. These groups have a unique structure of having both a dominant male and a dominant female that guides the rest of the group. The bush pig is generally a nocturnal animal with some exceptions during the winter period. A characteristic of the bush pig is that it is a lazy animal only foraging food less than a kilometer away from where it sleeps. As with other animals in the swine family the bush pig wallows in mud as a means of controlling its temperature. Though social, the bush pig is territorial and both male and female sexes fight to keep their place against challengers and to keep their relationships monogamous. The females construct nests when they are about to give birth, to protect its offspring from harsh weather elements. Unlike most animals the males are involved in caring for the young. When the offspring is old enough, they will be evicted from the group. They then form bachelor groupings with other evicted bush pigs.

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Animal Facts

Weight

55 to 150 kilograms

 

Height

60 to 100 centimeters

 

Habitat

Woodlands, grasslands, swamps and scrublands

 

Diet

Roots, young lamb, insect larvae, potatoes, tomatoes and maize

 

Predators

Lions, leopards, hyenas and caracals

 

Life cycle

Around 15 years

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